The Weather

Today—Strong winds, turning much colder. Rain likely in morning, possible

snow flurries during day.

lowest near 20 at night. Tuesday—Fair, cold, Sunday's high, 52 at 3:15 p. m.; low, 28 at 6:50 a. m. (Details, Page 24.)

Much colder,

The 1

ashington

Wimes Herald

\

ost FINAL

78th Year No. 358

.

Phone RE. 7-1234

Copyright. 1945

WTOP Radio (1500) TV (Ch. 9)

MONDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1955 FIVE CENTS

- BROWNS TIE

The Washington Post Company

REDSKINS WIN

Re American Stake in Asia——— Red H-Bomh

| . Education

Washington

Clinches 2d As Steelers Bow, 23-14

Cleveland Ties Giants, Remains Half Game Ahead ;

Elter Scores Twice

By Jack Walsh Staff Reporter

PITTSBURGH, Nov. 27— For the first time in the history of the Washington Redskins, they failed to com-| plete a forward pass today. |

So what happened? They beat the Pittsburgh Steelers, 23-14, | before 21,760 Forbes Field fans’ and clinched second place in| the National Football League's Eastern Division.

In winning their fourth in a Nearly $12,000 Due Her

row for the first time since) 1948, the Skins ran their sea- son's. record to 7-3. Literally, they ground out a victory on two touchdown runs by full- back Leo Elter, 33 and 20 yards

and a 49-yard punt return by Joe Scudero. Vie Janowicz booted a 13-

yard field goal for good meas-| will report to work at the Curtis was finally ousted as unsuitable|analysis of reports on the So- _today|on grounds that she-made false|viet explosion suggests after a 3\s-year suspension on|statements in the loyalty hear-|Russia has developed a super-

ure. Finks Throws Twe Strikes

Keeping the Redskins from achieving their third shutout in a row were stirring Strikes by Quarterback Jimmy Finks. He hit Ray Mathews for a 6l-yard touchdown and fol- lowed with a 62-yard strike to Sid Watson,

Washington stayed in con- tention for the Eastern Divi- sion title with Cleveland nearly cooperating to give the Skins a tie. However, the Browns managed to gain a 35-35 tie with the New York Giants and still: must lose one of its remaining! two games for Washington to get in the picture. The Browns lead the Redskins by one-half game.

The Skins attempted only) eight passes. Starting Quarter- back Ralph Guglielmi went 0 for 2 and Eddie LeBaron 0 for 6. But Ralph and Eddie smartly directed a ground game that! made 329 yards to Pittsburgh's |

And the final score was enough balm for the embarras- sing passing statistics: Pitts- burgh, 243 yards; Washington, minus 29.

Weed Misses Field Goal

Washington's shutout streak was in jeopardy early when Tad Weed, place-kicking specialist, missed a 30-yard field goal at the outset.

Guglielmi then came in and| directed the Skins on an 80-/ yard touchdown march, An odd situation came up in that initial | scoring march. Pittsburgh de-| clined a 15-yard penalty be-| cause it left the Skins with a third down and nine-yard situ- ation.

Guglielmi made the judg-) ment of the Steelers look bad) when he took off on a 17-yard run for a first down at the! Steelers 47.

Then, from the Pittsburgh 20 Elter neatly followed his block- ers on his first scoring sprint.

Elter i Pittsburgh boy and) ; yp. . ey —this time with charges.

he was with the Steelers for two years but they never gave

(This is the first of a series

Fall of Afghanistan To Red Rule Feared

By Ferdinand SEE ae ee

of weekly reports on the prob-

lems and prospects of non-Communist Asia.)

KABUL, Afghanistan, Nov. 27 The new rulers of Russia have something to smile about these days as they look southward toward the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean. They can see this land-locked country on their southern border stum- bling into economic, political and military dependence on the Soviet Union.

The Afghans are good Mos- lems with no love for Russia or communism, but their leaders may yet deliver them into So- viet hands. The result would be the end of another country’s independence, and a dangerous expansion of Soviet power.

At first sight no part of Asia could matter less to the West than this Texas-sized country of bare mountains, deserts and

river valleys. Its 12 million people, three fourths of them farmers and one fifth wander- ing herdsmen, are no threat to anyone. Of its natural re- sources, only karakul lamb- sking and fruit have been ex- ploited up to now; its foreign ,trade with the free world is an junimportant $64 million worth a year.

But geography has Afghanistan important for more than 2000 years. Con- querors starting with Alexan- der the Great have swept through its barren plains and mountain passes into India. To- day the Russians have a sud- den opportunity to get to the edge of the Indian subconti- nent, without sending an army

made

See KUHN, Page 2, Col. 3

Army Calls Mrs. Burrell Back After 34% Years

Mrs. Evelyn P. Burrell, 40,

Bay Ordnance Depot loyalty-security charges.

But the Baltimore woman's

battle with the Army does not! statement” order from the csc,"

appear to be over. |

Mrs. Burrell received a spe-| cial delivery letter from the De- | partment of the Army yester-| day telling her 4o report to her $3685-a-year job as a payroll clerk for the first time since 1952, when she was suspended. |

On Nov. 10 the United States Court of Appeals remanded her case to the United States Dis-| trict Court with directions in- térpreted to mean that the Army was required to rein- State her. )

The letter yesterday read in part... “Since you are an em- ploye of the Army establish-| ment, the Department of the) Army has a continuing respon-| sibility under executive order 10450, new security regulations, to determine whether your re- tention in employment is clearly consistent with the in- terest of national security. The department will proceed with a

———

| | were reported from Japan three jand almost without lifting 4/days ago. Rain in the Fukuoka larea of ‘Southern Japan early

; overturned and Mrs. Burrell)

ings. Mrs. Burrell won a “rein-

this year only to find that the| Army was reinstating her to the suspended status she had in 1952,

Now, with her job back, but its permanency still in ques-) tion, Mrs. Burrell can collect almost .$12,000 in back pay. Should the Army again bring charges against her, which can' be done under the executive order 10450, she can resign first with a “clean slate,” her attor- neys said.

Medical Schools Get $7,150,000 Emergency Gift

NEW YORK, Nov. 27 #—The Commonwealth Fund. an- nounced today that the Nation's | medical schools need money so urgently it has drawn $7,150,000

.

|

cal Institute in Heidelberg re-

Dro

;

ps Dust Over World

Rain Too ‘Hot’ In South Japan; India Circles Call Test Injudicious

Reuters

Radioactive dust and air currents from Russia’s big- gest hydrogen bomb blast were reported around the world yesterday.

A Soviet Foreign Ministry statement in Moscow said the recent blast was carried out “at great height” to avoid radio- active fallout.

But falls of radioactive rain

yesterday registered 28,000 counts per liter per minute in

geiger counter tests. The Japa- nese Welfare Ministry has said there can be danger to humaas in an atmosphere with radio- activity beyond 100 counts a minute.

In West Germany, the Physi-

ported they had detected ra- dioactivity.

Western observers said an that

bomb similar to that detonated by the United States at Bikini the Pacific on March 1, 1054. (The Bikini blast .s variously estimated to have produced an explosion force of betwéen 12 and 20 megatons (one megaton equals 1 million tons of TNT).

In India, official circles felt that Russia’s action in explod. ing the bomb and announcing | it in the middle of a good-will visit to India—which has con- sistently condemned the manu- fecture and testing of nuclear weapons—was an injudicious and untimely move.

Western diplomats in London were also puzzled by the tim- ing of the Soviet announce- ment.

They believed that the Rus- sians consider the test to be

fresh warning to the West\of the 1956 political campaign. |

a that its lead in atomic “know- how” was diminishing, and that it was therefore time for the Vest to agree to Russian’s de- mand for the outlawing of nu- clear weapons,

The Western Powers again

——

Nixon Praises

George’s Plea Spencer Indicates D. C. On U.S. Policy Could Condemn CTC

| Majority fer 1 son of Texas “are more repre-|million last summer to a pri sentative of the opinion of th great majority of rank and file)

Delegates to the White House Conference on Education register in the lobby of the Sheraton-Park Hotel. At right, from front,

are Frank Miles, Des Moines,

Munck, Oakland, Calif.; Wallace W. Cox,

Hilda Tomar, lowa; Carl B.

Vallejo, Calif., cago. At left, from front, are Ida Mason,

and Welfare.

and Edward M. Tuttle, Chi-

Doris Fessler and Sally Lou

Hayden, all of the Department of Health, Education

a

Associated Press Vice President Richard Nix-

jon last night hailed as “states- manlike” will “do a lot of good” the call by Democratic George of Georgia for the Na-|Co. by CTC boss Louis (ion to keep foreign policy out | $02.

and something that

Sen.

Nixon said George's stand

e

| price : | | Waltel\the expiring Capital Transit)mendsthe District paying any |quate representation given to E. Wolf-|suclf price as Mr. Wolfson of-|labor.”

determination of your case UD-\from its capital funds for im-|Tefused to do this at the For-

Democrats.”

After Price Hike Repert

By Wes Barthelmes

Staff Reporter

District officials coolly yesterday to a higher tag reportedly put on

Unconfirmed reports placed ‘the new price at more than $20 'million, Book value now stands

and a similar one by Senate) + about $19.7 million, Wolfson Leader Lyndon John-| offered to sell CTC for $144)

vate operator.

reacted) 4 | market valde be set.

|

District Commissioner Sam-

nation’ proceedings let a fair

“T certainly would not recom-

|fers,” commented Robert M. Weston, member of the Dis ‘trict Public Utilities Commis- sion.

Weston is drafting stand-by legislation to set up a metro ‘politan operating authority in case the PUC is unable to sign ‘up a private operator as suc- cessor to CTC. The latter's life expires next Aug. 14. Informed District officials

-

Conference Under Way Here Today

Union Delegates Decide Against ‘Prejudging’ of School Talks

By Richard J. Maloy Sta Reporter

The White House Confer- ence on Education gets un- der way today with a wary pledge of cooperation from organized labor.

In a surprising flip-flop yes- terday, labor delegates decided not to “pre-judge” the Con- ference and withheld action on a resolution which would have roundly condemned the meet- ing before it started.

The development occurred during a Statler Hotel caucus of 100 unionists who are among the 2000 delegates to the politi- cally explosive fourday Con- ference.

Last week Andrew J. Bie- miller, AFL legislative repre- sentative, said unionists feared “ridiculous” Conference proce- dure would prevent honest ex- pression of opinion during the meeting and called it an Ad- ministration “stalling tactic” to prevent action on school needs.

But yesterday Labor dele- gates to the Conference decided to refrain from further criti- cism until they see how things actually go during working ses- sions Tuesday and Wednesday.

They scheduled another cau- cus for 5:30 p. m. Wednesday when delegates will report on how the sessions are conducted. If Labor feels events prove their gag-rule charges it will then issue a critical blast and press for a change in Confer- ence rules.

The caucus issued a mildly- worded statement expressing “concern regarding the inade-

| The statement noted ‘that “less than 5 per cent of ithe delegates are from the trade union movement, whereas ithe members of organized labor and their families constitute at least 35 per cent of the popu- lation.”

| Meantime each union dele- ‘gate yesterday was instructed 'in carefully devised strategy de-

vel Speneér indicated that if ‘signed to get the Conference

der that order and you will be further advised.”

Mrs. Burrell’s attorneys, Frank Reeves of Washington and Milton B. Allen of Balti- more, fear, however, that the Army may bring up the same charges against her once she) is reinstated. |

Since February 29, 1952, the) Army, and then the Civil Serv- ice Commission, have attempt- ed a combination of a security, loyalty and unsuitability actions to keep her out of her job.

The Army “fired” her on a “question of your loyalty.” On April 14, 1952, she was restored to duty because she was im-| properly separated and the! next day she was suspended on) security grounds. On May 16,) 1952, she was restored to duty because no security charges had been issued, then six days later she was suspended again

|

:

;

While she was under Army

See REDSKINS, Page 13, Col. 5

Iran to Reply To Red Warning

TEHRAN, Nov. 27 (‘#—Iran will reply Tuesday to the Soviet note yesterday attacking Iran- ian participation in the Bagh- dad Pact, Deputy Premier Abdul Hussein Hamzavi said to-

day.

He said the reply will reas- eure Russia that Iran has no aggressive intentions and seeks only to defend her frontiers.

Ad Does The Trick In Just One Day

“That classified ad really did the trick,” exclaimed Mrs. D. W. who sold her drop-leaf table - on the very first day it was ad- vertised in the classified col- wmns of Washington's tavorite home newspaper,

A. classified ad in The Wash- ington Post and Times.terald wan do the trick for you, foo. if there's anything you would like to sell, rent or trade, take a tip from Mrs. 0. W. Phone in your. classified ad to our Miss Bell. Just call REpublic 7-1234.

%

suspension, the Civil Service) Commission began loyalty. action against her on similar charges and the 3%-year fight was on.

The security charge was

imed

mediate grants to 10 leading | colleges and universities,

The grants bring to a total of| nearly $10 million the amount’ given by the Fund to medical education during the current fiscal year.

Malcolm P. Aldrich, fund president, said the new grants, unprecedented in that no strings are attached, range from $300,009 for the Univer- sity of Southern California's

ical school to $1 million’ ;

|

'

each for the medical schools at Western Reserve and Harvard.

The other grants are: Uni- versity of Chicago, $500,000; Emory, $600,000, and Columbia University’s College of Physi- cians and Surgeons, conet New York University, Tula and Yale, $750,000 each.

Nathan ‘M. Pusey, president of Harvard University, hailed the unrestricted-use privilege as Opening “a new trend in foundation giving in the field of. medical education.”

Aldrich said he hoped the Fund's action would stimulate similar “unrestricted giving”

from other sources.

eign Ministers’ Conference in Geneva because of the impos- sibility—which has also been recognized by Russia—of con- trolling nuclear disarmament at present. While the Commu- nists maintain their huge con- ventional armies, the West argues, it would be suicidal for the Western Powers to give up the biggest deterrent to a world war which they possess. All Moscow newspapers yes- terday published without com- ment Saturday's communique from the official Tass news agency on the recent tests, al- though Khrushchev’s speech in Bangalore has not yet been re- ported in the Soviet press.

Algeria Clashes Kill 30 Rebels

Reuters ALGIERS, Nov. 27—French officials tonight announced that 30 rebels had been killed in clashes in the Constantine De-

' ; ‘public ownership becomes un- ; ,

He said that once Congress| avoidable, the District could|said legislation establishing| °° on Tecord in favor of Fed-

gets back to work in January, condemn CTC and let a con-isuch an authority would COM-ltion the most controversial

and George and Johnson ex-|semnstion jury decide a fairjtain condemnation powers t0| question which will come be-

' on the Sen-| Price to pay Wolfson. which Spencer referred. fore the session press their views on , ' “You know.” said Spencer, | “I see nop reason why we “Te j h that the C ate floor, other Democrats “will | : $s our hope that the Con-

' Wise municipal governing body (Should make overtures to Mr. | have to sit up and take fotice,|, 4. right a deer wn ome Wolfson at this stage,” ference will come out clearly

PUC|; 7 ublicans do when | ; . \in favor of Federal aid for Oe Ceara see leaders |Property and through condem- a ae o cabinet school construction,” said H. H. speak.” | | last effort to find a private in- es PE mma Nixon thus joined President | vestor. representative. persons Eisenhower in what amounted) Rep. Dewitt S

—_— ————

partment of Algeria during the past 24 hours.

West Virginia Safar

|

Romping ‘Little Girl’ Elephants Get

CHARLESTON, W. Va., Nov. 27 W—Those six “young girl” elephants on the loose at the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway station here today were the real McCoy—not the pink kind you see after a bad night.

In fact, three of the young ladies had themselves quite a time for almost an hour. Two, named and Jean, even went into station waiting room, where:

A woman and her small son

booth.

A porter fled upstairs.

Two ticket sellers scrambled on Fe | of their counter.

took refuge in a telephone}

trapped between two elephants, one of which was wearing Smith’s new $15 hat on her left hind foot.

The trouble began after the six 5-year-old elephants of the Polack Brothers Circus had been transferred from a rail- road car to a trailer-truck for transportation to Municipal Auditorium and a stint with the annual Shrine Circus.

Their Trunks Checked at Rail Station

her to freedom. Three were caught quickly and secured to

three had a ball. Smith was caught beneath a counter between the baggage

the

assistant trainmaster| p E. T. Smith, probably became first man in history to be' and the other

a utility pole, but the other)

room and waiting room, with

_ Hyde, Repub-| £7m all over the country favor to a plea to keep foreign policy EDUCATE, Page 3, Col. 4. out of politics. Murray Snyder, See

Assistant Witte House Secre- tary, told reporters Saturday that the Chief Executive had read and approved the state- ment made by George to the New fork Herald Tribune.

George, chairman of the Sen- ate-Foreign Relations Commit- tee, said:

“We must assure the world that we are capable of having a non-partisan American foreign policy and that regard- less of who wins or loses in 1956 our foreign program will go on substantially ‘as is.”

Nixon’s reference to Johnson apparently referred to a speech on ‘Nov. 19 in which Johnson said:

“The American people have passed the stage where foreign policy is a politicking issue. There are still individuals who seek partisan advantage from that kind of politics. They have harassed every President for 20 years.”

Nixon made his comments to a reporter as he and his fam- ily returned by plane from a Thanksgiving holiday in Flor- ida.

(Related story on Page 2.)

‘Vision Near,” Voice

Told Pope. Page 10

P Kilgalien ... "% Movie Guide .37

‘Jules B. Jeanmard excommuni-

7 also threatened iexcommunication if there are ; fany_ more signs of violence.”

36 lused in the decree, the official 1 jorder called for “excommuni-| ication of the 24\violent hands iteacher and removed the as

FBI Opens Probe In Negro Shooting

MOUiiD BAYOU, Miss., Nov. 27 ‘#—The FBI today opened a

preliminary investigation ‘of the shooting of Gus Courts, a Negro leader in the fight against segre~ation.

Two FBI agents questioned Courts, 65, of Belzoni, who was admitted to a hospital here Fri- day night with buckshot wounds,

In Jackson, Gov. Hugh White urged a quick and extensive probe of the attack on Courts, a former president of the Bel- zoni chapter of the National As- sociation for the Advancement of Colored People.

|

lican from suburban Maryland, said he did not think the Dis- trict should be “obliged to buy ICTC at a price it did not think fair.”

| Wolfson could not be reached for comment.

But reports from his Florida stomping grounds quoted Wolf- son as saying that he believed: | © Municipal ownership of the transit system here is in- evitable. | ® The District Government would have to pay the “ap- praised value,” a steeper price ‘than the book value of CTC ‘properties.

Spencer observed last night that he was not aware of the existence of such an appraised value.

'

6 Die, 3 Injured In Auto Crash

| LYNCHBURG, Tenn. Nov. \27 @—Two automobiles met head-on near here today, kill- ing six persons and critically injuring three others.

| State highway patrolmen identified the dead as Mr. and Mrs. John A. Moore, Frank Moore, Jess Branch, Mrs. Mur- rell Baker, Mrs. Ozella Baker, all adults.

Mr. and Mrs. Clifton Baker, and their son, James, were crit- ically injured. All are residents of this area.

Bishop’s Order Nailed to Church Door

3 Catholic Women Excommunicated

For Beating Bi-Racial Class Teacher

From News Dispatches ERATH, La., Nov. 27—Bishop

‘cated *hree Roman Catholics ‘today for beating a woman teacher who instructed Negro and white children in the same catechism classes in this small French community.

A decree aailed to the door of Our Lady of Lourdes Church “automatic

Although no names were

le who laid

t the lay

church and denies them 4 Christian burial.”

The Bishop, who heads the diocese of Lafayette, in south- west Louisiana, said the decree was directed at three women who attacked Mrs. Lulu B- Or- temond on her way to recite

a rosary. In Abbeville Court last week, Mrs. Ortemond filed assault and battery charges against Mrs. Etta B. Romero and Mrs. Lotar B. Menard, identifying them as two of her attackers. Bishop Jeanmard did not iden- the third woman. ather A. J. Labbe, pastor of the parish, said “over 700

dren in this predominantly Catholic community are re- leased from the public schools for the religious instructions. “The second grade children are released from the colored school at the same time as the white school,” Father Labbe said. “This is nothing unusual and has been going on for years. The colored children generally sit in the rear. We sea ton oe ey com- Pp —s you see. The decree also threatened to close the church's

children” are handled in shifts catechism

“from all graces of the

f

sailants

in the classes. The classes run every day and chil-

a

\ | Report Lists Major Foreign Policy Defeats Handed U.S. by Russians

Germany within the Sovietjin the efforts of our European orbit. és allies” to furnish NATO with

THE WASHINGTON POST end TIMES HERALD

2 Monday, November 28, 1955 ease i.

Shift of U. S. Stand Abroad Urged

oe U.S. Termed Still First

h C, O’Mahonéy|Democratic candidate, New In Air Punch

ed on the Eisen-| York Gov. Averell Harriman and Sen. Estes Kefauver (D- By Robert E. Thompson International News Service

Tenn.), regarded as likely can-

didates, all criticized Admin- istration foreign policies last week. | O'Mahoney issued his denun- ciation in a statement to Wy- oming Demoératic’ leaders. In calling for the “agonizing re-

Air Force Secretary Donald

A. Quarles said yesterday the

United States still has the

“most powerful striking force

in the world” despite Russia's

latest hydrogen bomb explosion

and gigantic plane production.

The Secretary explained that

By Donald J. Gonzales United Presse

The National Planning Asso- ciation decldred yesterday that), Russia had handed the United) States major foreign policy de- feats in recent months ranging from the Middle East to NATO and Germany.

The Association, a nonprofit organization of business and professional leaders, said it is “high time to recognize and ap- preciate the extent to which the position of the non-Soviet world has deteriorated.”

Declaring that the “most ilous phase” of the cold war ahead, it called on the United States to take the initiative on diplomatic, economic and ideolo fronts rather than “merely react to Communist moves.”

“It is the contention of this

troops.

Calling for immediate action on the diplomatic front, the Association said the “first order of business” should be te “breathe new life” into NATO by “reviving the dedication to a common cause and nee confidence in our purposes leadership.”

On the economic front, it said, “it would be quite absurd” for the United States to be out- distanced by the Communists, It called for a “more generous attitude” toward economic aid programs, technical assistance and help to undeveloped areas,

The Association urged Con- gress and others to let the U. S. information service forge ahead with a program to assist friends and potential friends of this country to realize the link between their ambitions and those of the United States.

Sen. J Unless the problem is faced in a “realistic” and en- lightened spirit, it said, all Western defenses based on France and her possessions will remain insecure.

But it is in the Middle East, the statement contended, that the Free World's position has been most seriously hurt. Rus- sia is making overtures to the Arab world and selling it arms while the United States fails to face the full implications.

“Can we expect the Arab

rid to react with deeper un- derstanding than we display to a threat which seems so re- mote?” it asked.

Even within the North At- antic Treaty Organizations, he Association said, there has

een a “disturbing trend.” It noted a “noticeable slackening

policy in light of a Geneva deadlock with Rus- a. O'Mahoney, whose Senate Monopoly Subcommittee is making a “case study” of Gen- eral Motors, also said the United States must remain free of domination by Big Business or Big Government to-retain its free world leadership. Meantime, Sens. John J. Sparkman (D-Ala.) and Arthur V. Watkins (R-Utah) split over whether President Eisenhower and of State John Foster Dulles were “too opti- mistic” about the chiefs of state and later foreign ministers

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appraisal,” he declared that! . “world peace is further away! now” than when the Korean war ended.

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles first used the phrase “agoni reappraisal” early in the Eisenhower Admin- istration in warning that United States foreign policy might have to be overhauled if France blocked Germany’s admission to

4 = . é

Summit meeting and then had to tone down their statements after the foreign ministers dead- lock. Watkins said they re- peatedly warned against expect- ing too much from meetings with the Russians.

Sparkman and Watkins ap- peared on the recorded CBS radio program, “The Leading Question.” The broadcast, like O’Mahoney’s. statement, was

repared before President

isenhower and Sen. Watler F. George (D-Ga.) issued a week- end appeal for a nonpartisan policy.

George said the United States must assure the world that “our foreign program” will continue regardless of which party wins next year’s presidential elec- tion. The te House prompt- ly said Mr. Eisenhower con-

curred.

Despite the double-barreled appeal, foreign policy gave every indication of growing as an issue in the 1956 elections. Adiai E. Stevenson, an avowed

the North Atlantic Treaty

e Organization.

Dulles said after the recent |Geneva Big Four meeting that ithe Administration will “hold fast” to present policies despite the failure to make any prog- ress on German unification. O'Mahony insisted that a “reappraisal is now essential.” He said it must be “based upon ‘the understanding that we have an economic war to win.” The Senator also charged that colonies and former colo- nies of Western European na- tions are suspicious of United States diplomatic and economic intentions. In the face of Soviet pro ganda, he said, these have not been “actua con- vinced that the United States is not secretly seeking to step into the imperial shoes of the vanished empires of Western Europe.” “Soviet Russia is appealing to these people with deceitful promises that... Asia and Africa can have plenty if only they follow the Communist Party line,” he said.

President and Hall To Talk Politics Today

By Earl Mazo N. ¥. Herald Tribune News Service

GETTYSBURG, Pa., Nov. 27 President Eisenhower will get @ fill-in Monday, for the first time since his heart attack, on the activities of the national

““Republican organization and the latest plans for its national convention in San Francisco next A

Republican National Chair-

President will see Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell, and Sherman Adams, his White House chief of staff.

There have been reports that Mr. Eisenhower might be asked to take a hand in curtail- ing the increasing number of vigorous attacks some Repub- lican leaders are making on

man nard W. Hall is sched- meee to Sx te Gottzsbucs to see the President at 1

a. m., mark-/

ing Mr. Eisenhower's first wholly political discussion since Sept. 10—two weeks before he became ill—when Hall and the 48 Republican state chairmen

flew to Denver for breakfast!

with him.

The White House said the question of Mr. Eisenhower's seeking a second term is not likely to be discussed at the eonference.

At that Denver breakfast more than two months ago, the President told the Republican leaders they should not pin all their hopes for 1956 on one

man. Prior to the conference with

leaders of labor unions. Mitch- ell is understood to be among blicans who

the ranking disapproveof the attacks.

The White House said today, however, that there is no con- nection between the Mitchell and Hall visits. The officials will see Mr. Eisenhower sepa- rately, and while Hall will be here to talk politics, including plans for the Republican Na- tional Committee sessions in Chicago Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, it was said Mitch- ell’s mission is in connection with “routine Government busi- ness.”

On Saturday, Mr. Eisenhower is scheduled to meet the Repub- lican congressional leaders here for the first time since he left

Hall in his Post Office head- quarters here Monday, the

Washington, Aug. 14, for his an- nual Colorado vacation.

©

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7 es

ay. pe. PAKISTAN

KUHN—From Page I

finger. The reason is a miser- able dispute summed up in the word “Pushtunistan.”

The dispute concerns the nine million warlike tribesmen who live on both sides of the Pakistan-Afghanistan frontier. About four million of them are on the Afghan side, five million in Pakistan. In 1947, when the British quit India and set up an independent Pakistan, the Afghans revived an old de- mand that these tribesmen should form an independent nation. Since the tribesmen are Pathans, or “Pushtuns” in their own language, their new nation was to be known as “Pushtunistan.”

For eight years the Afghans have been beating the drums of a crude propaganda against Pakistan on this issue. They have demanded that Pakistan give up a huge slice of its ter- ritory to make the new state possible. To an outsider it looks like without the slightest basis in international law; but the Afghans take it seriously. In particular, their strong-willed young Prime Minister, Prince Mohammed Duad, a first cous- in of the king, takes it with the seriousness of a zealot.

Pakistan Closes Border

The dispute reached the breaking point last March, when Pakistan merged its! Northwest frontier province, the home of the tribesmen, into a single state of West Pakistan. An Afghan mob stormed the Pakistan embassy here and tore down its flag. When apolo- gies did not come, Pakistan committed an act of breath-tak- ing folly for a bigger, stronger and presumably wiser neigh- bor, It closed the Afgan fron- tier and imposed an economic blockade. The Afghans foynd themselves landlocked as never before. They had been bringing most of their machinery, trucks and consumer goods, and send-

sidized rates,

using the most of their traffic, though Pakistan has now re- opened its frontier. In their anger at Pakistan, the Afghans are even talking about getting arms from Russia.

Showy Ajd Used by Reds

Map shows the location of proposed state of Pushtunistan (lined area) on the border of Afghanistag and Pakistan.

Fall of Afghanistan To Red Rule Is Feared

Within the past few weeks the Russians have signed a transit agreement under which goods can be landed on the Black Sea and carried by rail, at sub- to the Soviet-) Afghan frontier. From there, in this country that has no rail- road, the goods are trucked over unpaved Afghan roads.

The proud Afghans are still Russian route for even

The Russians, in addition,

have been making hay with $5 million worth of showy projects here in Kabul, where the Af- ghan leaders can

see them. paved the main

They hav

streets, bedilt a grain silo and

cem plant, and delivered 30 Russian buses and 20 taxi-

an irrational demand2a4. ‘The taxis are the first this city United contrast, has been 10 times as big in terms of money and far more useful to the Afghans. It has concentfated on tech- nical assistance and on a huge flood control project in the south. But not one member of the present Afghan government has ever taken the trouble to go south to see it.

has evet seen. The States in

and irrigation

More American milliqans, to

outbid the Russians, will not change the course of Afghan policy. The immediate prob- lem is political; the crux is “Pushtunistan.” of Western diplomacy is some- how to persuade the Pakis and the Afghans to put their dispute, and their emotions, on ice, and to behave as neighbors should. But this would require statesmanship on both sides— and statesmanship is a com- modity sadly lacking in this troubled part of Asia.

The first job tanis

ing most of their exports, through of Pakistan Port of Karachi. Now they were threat- ened with economic strangula-

n. At this point Khrushchev, Bulganin & Co. moved in. They promptly offered the Afghans a new transit route through the Soviet territory.

Veterans Get Preference in

Adler Awards

NEW YORK, . Nov. 27 @# Veterans of the United States armed forces will be given. preference in awarding the Maj. Gen, Julius Ochs Adler memorial scholarships in jour- nalism, administrators of the scholarship said today.

They also invited publishers of small weekly or daily news- papers to apply for the five $1000-a-year scholarships which will be spread over five years, starting with the 1956-57 terms. ‘They are for study at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.

The scholarships are given by the New York Community Trust in memory of the late Maj. Gen. Adler, general man- ager of the New York Times and president and publisher of the Chattanooga (Tenn.) Times. He died last Oct. 3.

Applicants for the award must be college graduates and demonstrate “a capacity for leadership in journalism.” They must also be unable to afford a year of study without scholar-

Now a HEARING AID

an a plan ificials.

while he is “not satisfied” with the fact that the United States has fewer planes than the Rus- sians, it would not be wise for

the Reds.

Quarles appeared on the ABC-TV show, “College Press Conference.”

He said tie United States is “ahead of schedule” in its cam- paign to achieve 137 air wings by the summer of 1957 and assured his audience this goal would be achieved on time or earlier.

Despite a sharp increase in the number of Russian planes,