The Weather

-‘Today—Fair with the highest 50 to 55 degreés. Wednesday, mostly cloudly, windy and mild, with some rain likely. Monday's temperatures: High, 61 de- grees at 2 p. m.; low, 31 degrees at 6:45 a. m. (Details on Page 26.)

The Washington

Times Herald

{ost FINAL

78th Year 2s No. 352 * Phone RE. 7-1234 The a 1a gy




WTOP Radio (1500) TV (Ch. 9)


a —— ——E




Widow Sobs Love for Slain Goricki


_ -

Home Life Either Hell

Or Heaven,

She Says

Tells How Rages

Caused Divorce

And Continued

After Remarriage By John Briney

Staff Reporter

Mrs. Elizabeth Goricki de- scribed her stormy marriage yesterday as a heaven one day and a hell.the next.

Testifying at her trial for murder in the fatal shooting of her husband last May 22, the graying blonde said she loved her 40-year-old husband “with all my heart.”

Choking with sobs, she de- scribed Marine Ist Lt. Edward Goricki as “wonderful, consid- erate, kind—and he was proud of what we'd been able to do} and what we had.”

in Arlington,” she said. | Cape Cod, Mass. on which 37

| This air view taken yesterday shows the “We were the happlest people; =... Tower radar island, 110 miles off

Where 37 Are Stranded

been marooned since Thursday by high waves. Several 80-ton fenders have been

visitors have torn from the

Helicopters Take Aides To Meet Ike

Security Council Holds Session at Camp Dayid; Gusts Make Flight Rough

By Richard L. Lyons Steff Reporter

THURMONT, Md., Nov. 21 Operation Banana was suc- cessfully carried out today as 20 top Government ‘officials were flown to Camp David for a National Security Coun- cil meeting presided over by President Eisenhower.

of half a dozen independent agencies and other Presiden- tial aides were flown the 60 miles from Washington in ‘three “Flying Banana” Air | Force helicopters. Vice Presi-

dent Richard M. Nixon came in a smaller Sikorsky helicopter.

They landed In a stiff wind on a muddy clearing atop an 1800-foot mountain close by Camp David, five miles west of here in Catoctin Mountain Park.

Four Cabinet members, heads)

Mrs. Woodward

Mrs. William Woodward Jr., widew of the slain sportsman- socialite, appears haggard upon leaving Doctors Hospital in New York yesterday after a 23-day stay. During a 3-hour police quiz last night Mrs, Woodward broke down 3 times in uncontrollable weeping. (See story on Page 3.)

Plan Aimed

To Promote Liberty and


Associated Press

Leaves Hospital



White House limousines carried

tower legs. (Story, Page 10.) (them the quarter mile to the!

But the peace of the fioricki. marriage was periodically torn} by her husband's apparently, uncontrollable rages, she testi- fied. During these violent out- bursts, she said, he would beat and kick her, smash furniture and dishes, seemingly without reason. Her tears on these occa- sions seemed to make his an-

ger more frenzied, she said. Taxes Asked

On two oceasions, she stated,| The Citizens Advisory Coun- he threatened her life, and.) yesterday recommended once he threw a knife at her. ‘nearly $11 million in new Dis-

The 42-year-old former wom-ftrict of Columbia taxes and an Marine described the lieu-|gave top priority to a contro- tenant as “sick” and said she/yersial levy on gross arnings. begged him to see a psychia-| As proposed by thé Commis- trist. She said he refused be-'sioners’ advisers, the earnings cause he was afraid the Marine | tax would fall mainly on subur- Corps would find out he was/banites who work in the city but emotionally ill and his career) would have little impact on the as an officer would be ruined. ‘average District resident. Such

A few minutes before the|@ levy would face the powerful | 25-caliber pistol slug that took | opposition of Congressmen and! Goricki’s life ripped into his|Semators from Maryland and) lung, he had flown into one of | Virginia. | his violent tantrums over the} During a special meeting yes- way Mrs. Goricki was cooking |teTday the Advisory Council pork chops at their home, 2224 called for hikes in income, wine, N. Kentucky ave., Arlington,|5eet, spirits and real estate she said. taxes to meet an anticipated

“He grabbed at me...I ran Cont nea se et into the kitchen...!I tried to| municipal pal ae loot aume stop crying...he hit me on mer. pioy

one side of the head, then on Thi ti ,

; | is deficit will) amount to og hemagned ; J oe ——- $1.5 million by next July 1 (as- . ar as Ager > go. i '€ | suming Congress restores the $2

it me and pushed me Gown! million cut in the Federal pay- the (cellar) steps, Mrs. Goricki ment) and to $8.4 million during

$11 Million In New D. C,

cents on other wines to 75,000 annually.

Increase beer tax from $1 to $3 per barrel to net $925.- annually,

Increase spirits tax from $1

_ said, , cone \the fiseat-year ending June’ 30 “He ran down the steps,' 1957. picked me up and dragged me; The Commissioners have not up the steps,” she said. “He yet firmly settled on their revy- See GORICKI, Page 3, Col. 4 jenue program. Before making up a, mate they sought the a Sm - views of local citizens during Jilted Suitor Kills! public hearing Oct. 28 and -. asked the Advisory Coun- i - cil for comment, mended by the vi SEATTLE. Wash., Nov. 21 © cil —_ z “ane Se A jilted lover shot and killed a priority: pretty stewardess aboard a United Airlines plane today and 1. pote! = oa s aw minutes later fatally wounded with credit’ te nA 3 seotaal himself. . ithe District income tax for Dis- Bob Clendenin of New Yorkitrict residents. Estimated City, boarded United Airlines| yield, $3 million annually. flight 678 bound for Los Ar '9 Reducing income tax ex- geles at the Seattle-Tacoma In-|“* emptions and raising rates ternational Airport and fired 'to net $3.8 million annually three shot into the chest of\@ A new 20¢ent tax on table Sally Shedd, 25, Santa_Barbara, 3 wine and hiki Calif., his former girl friend, ||, 4s . An Air Force officer, one of|not go the many horrified passengers, | threw Clendenin out of the| Se plane. Clendenin pulled himself] go9 to his feet and shot himself), twice. He died sortly afterwards). at nearby Renton Hospital.

a .

g the rate!


Ghost Ship Tragedy Laid to ‘Seaquake’

AUCKLAND, New Zea- land, Nov. 21 (4)>—Marine inspectors today completed a preliminary survey of the 70-ton “ghost ship” Joyita and reported the disappear- ance of her 25 passengers and crew could be ex- plained in only one way— a “seaquake.”

The Joyita, now at Suva, Fiji Islands, was found drifting and deserted in the South Pacific three weeks ago. She had sailed from Samoa on a 2-day voyage to the Tokelau Islands on Oct. 3.

The Tongan vessel Hafifoa was victim of an under- water eruption six months ago. The Hafifoa, carrying 40 people, was thrown on her beam ends. Everyone aboard was pitched into the sea. All managed to get aboard again except one child.


6 Increase real estate tax rate * 10¢ per $100 of assessed \valuation to net $1.9 million


>| In coming up with their rec-/Subcommittee sought to pin

ommendations yesterday, the

See COUNCIL, Page 23, Col. 4

| Newsman Given Silence Warning

ROCHESTER. N. H., Nov. 21 ® Police protection was

given the following|sought today’ for a newsman)


} who was war’ ed to s.op investi- gating a story about the slug- ‘ging of a City Councilman “or 'we'll run you out of the city.”

| The anonymous threat was ‘made to Anthony Corvese, a newscaster for Radio Station WWNH, shortly before mid- in’ "vt last night.

The assault on the Council- an, George La Chapelle, took place Saturday night outside ithe Elks Club, His wife said ‘head injuries had caused loss \of hearing in one ear. Mayor John Shaw said reports indi- |cated the assault stemmed from \a_political dispute. The assail-


to $1.25 to net $980,000 an-'ant has not been identified.


Check Seen as

‘to be given the draftee. Until

collection of rough board cot- tages on the eastern side) |of the mountain which com-| prises the Presidential retreat.

| Trip is Rough One


The helicopters came in with-|

senhower had driven down) from Gettysburg at 2:30 p. m. with Allen W. Dulles, director' of the Central Agency.

Security Aid

By Murrey Marder Gtafl Reporter

Defense officials said yester-| day they believe “99 per cent” /ing field estimated wind gusts of the security cases usually! at from 25 to 50 miles an hour. hitting drafted recruits will be The helicopters got down all eliminated in the future by re-| right, but a few of their passen- sorte. such questions before | gers got out looking as if they military service. \would have preferred some

But many “ifs” were left other means of travel. | tacked to this basic swoon Murray Snyder, assistant! before the Senate Su ommit- White House press secretary | tee on Constitutional Rights: | who came in one of the “Flying|

Will the draftee who makes| Bananas” said the trip “got a) “full disclosure” of any ques-| little turbulent when we hit the) tionable activities before his in-| mountains.” oe is —- gee as MR 2 ges said his ride in the serves loyally an onorably, orsky Was no rougher than be assured of an honorable dis-| the one in the big transport that charge? | had flown him to Washington

Defense General Counseljfrom West Palm Beach this a rs omy mei ery a Pale sie RL cannot assured “categori- i S the meetngs are cally.” The military, he said, | held here, this is the way to do still reserves the right to;it,” he said.

weigh new “information” which | may turn up after the draftee Briefing Drowned Out Nixon’s

| is in the service. ace Seer sey | at he couldn't hear the NSC

Ip. a tangle of semantics, the) sienng he was getting or The ‘down the effects of the new| “4Y_Up from Dillon Anderson, ‘screening procedure announced | the President's special assistant Friday by Defense Secretary}°% NSC matters. The ‘copter Charles E. Wilson. made so much noise Nixon said

Steven S. Jackson, assistant|"¢ gave up and read the brief- general counsel of the Defense | !"8.- Department, said, “There will}, The secret meeting on sub- avoidance of this vexatious|S¢curity was held in Laurel problem by investigation and|/0dge, VIP dining room, where ‘examination” before a recruit;™ess tables were pulled to- gether and covered with green felt to’serve as a conference table.

The National Security Coun- cil members are the President, Nixon, Secretary of State John recat l arce ae Secretary of De- now, the Army has been giving | fense Charles E. Wilson and the " “aoneral” ied wae a ta a. director of the Office of Defense “honorable"—discharge te men | Mobilization Arthur S. Fleming. whose pre-service activities or | Others who attended today, associations caused them to be | 4% they often do at the weekly regarded as security risks, NSC meetings in Washington,

ig taken in.

“The determination,” said Jackson, “will be made prior ite induction.”

But the sticking point still icame on the type of discharge

3d Brazil Crisis in 2 Weeks

Defeat Reds

Program Sponsored By Radford Already Being Used in Study At Service Schools

By John G. Norris Siaft Reporter

The Pentagon publicly pre- sented a new cold war pro- gram yesterday, called “Mili- tant Liberty” and aimed at defeating communism in the struggle for men’s minds.

Personally sponsored by Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chair- man of the Joint ‘Chiefs of Staff, the action seeks to create a new “Free World ideology” that will prove stronger and more dynamic than commu- nism,

“Militant Liberty,” a Defense Department pamphiet ex- plains, “ie a concept developed to set forth basic principles of a free society which can be readily explained and under-

Cafe Under House Arrest in a few minutes of each other) After Bid to Re

im—Joad Cafe Filho moved to

Intelligence} night to reclaim the presidency | lo lof Brazil—posing the nation’s|of the Chamber of Deputies,' been briefed on the program. Air Force officers at the land-| third government crisis in two; but the military tagged Luz as/|


(Reuters and News Service

Internatf®nal reported that

' '

gain Offic

| RIO DE JANEIRO, Nov. 21 porters, |

Cafe was succeeded by Car-' s Coimbra da Laz, president

a Kubitschek foe and threw’! ‘him out of office last week.

Ramos, former head of the


stood by peoples anywhere in the world.”

Put in Stady Courses

The plan has been under prep- aration in the Joint Chiets f Staff for the past 18 months is getting the full backing the Defense Department. President Richard M some members of the and a number of ambassadors have

and f

Viee Nixon, Cabinet America’s

“Militant Lib- has been in-

Already the

erty” concept

troduced into the study courses

at the National War College and

Cafe was under house arrest.]'Senate, was then named Chief '/Air War College. Training kits

With tension mounting in the capital, troops surrounded the

ipresidential palace, the Cham-


Sen. Reginaldo Fernondes told newsmen earlier that Gen.

are being prepared so that it ean be included in the weekly world-wide troop education pro-

ber of Deputies and other key points. The troops were ap-| plauded by bystanders. )

A five-man riot squad later took up positions around the apartment building in which Cafe lives, and troops were se, ployed down the street.

Henrique Teixeira Lott, War/s™@m, the curricula at the Mili- Minister and strong man in the |tary, Naval and Air Academies, new government, visited Cafe amd college ROTC courses.

yesterday and advised him not! Patriotic, religious and frater- to attempt to resume the presi-|nal associations have been dency. Lott is the leader ofiasked ta push the program. forces determined to uphold|Later efforts will be made to the Constitution and see Ku-|“sell” it to the peoples of the

Congress a message anndtir

The government also imposed censorship on. political news in newspapers, radio stations and outgoing news cables.

Cafe made his bid this aft-|ered too radical by many mili-'

bitschek inaugurated. behind

(Kubitschek ig regarded as the political heir of the late |Getulio Vargas, and is consid-

Free World and those the Iren Curtain.

“Necessity” Explained The Pentagon pamphlet,

ernoon after he was discharged|tary and conservative leaders, |“Militant Liberty—A Program

from a hospital where he un- derwent treatment for the

heart attack that forced him| only problem was!to take a leave of absence from) Present

the presidency Nov. 8. He sent Cc ing he was taking over the post from Ramos.

But the House of Deputies has under debate a resolution designed to block any such move, and Vieira de Melo, House majority leader, said its approval was assured. The res- olution declared an extension of Cafe's disability to hold office.

The opposition to Cafe’s re- turn stems from the belief of some Congressmen that he favors a coup aimed at keeping the winner of the October pres- idential election, Juscelino Ku- bitschek, from taking office Jan. 31. The majority of Con- gressmen are Kubitschek sup-

'who say his election was | fraudulent.)

Fernandes, who said he was at yesterday's Lott-

Cafe interview, quoted Cafe as|

} saying

“My mandate came from the) |people and only the people can itake it from me.”

in Today's Index = 3 age

ge | Amusem‘ts 44-45 | Kilgallen ... .45 | Childs 22 | Lippmann ...23 Classified .46-53 | Movie Guide 26 | Comics 68-71 | Obituaries .. . 26 | Crossword ...69 | Parsons .....44 | District Line 70| Pearson ....71 | Dixon 23 | Picture Page 29 | Editorials 22 | Postiude ....44/ Events Today 56) Radio-TV . 54-55 | Federal Diary 25 | Shopper's Pa. Financial .65-67 | Society Goren Herblock ... | Horoscope ...69 | Weather ..

23 |


of Evaluation anid Assessment of Freedom.” explains the “ideological necessity” for the program.

ines... World, War. IL”, jf.

states, “it has become increas- ingly apparent to the Free World that its men and nations, in order to remain free, must be continuously able to explain liberty and freedom....

“The Communists have made outstanding and amazing gains

‘to date in large measure be-

cause they know what they believe, why they believe it, and can explain it to people anywhere in understandable terms....

“On the other hand, we, as free people, who believe in the true form and ideals of liberty, have many times been incoherent and lacked the ver-

$130-Million Project

Col. Marvin C. Hillsman, | imcluded: president of the Army Dis-|__ Secretary of Treasury George charge Review Board, said yes- | M. Humphrey, Attorney Gen-

terday that under previous|°T@! Herbert Brownell 4Jr., policy, a former convict who|©>#irman Lewis L. Strauss of)

made “a clean breast” of his the Atomic Energy Commission,

Budget Director Rowland See RIGHTS, Page 2, Col.1 | itughes, John Hollister, head of

Ike’s Brotherly Advice

Sells Washer One-Two-Three

Mr. J. C. advertised his washing machine tor sale in the classified columns of Washington's big newspaper——and it sold on the very first day. “1! couldn't be more pleased’’, he told us. ‘I've nay seen anything work 40 ast."

MN. ¥. Herald Tribune News Service

Dr. Milton S. Eisenhower has blocked demands by Republi- ‘cans that President Eisenhower fire Secretary of Agriculture

Ezra Taft Benson, it was au- Pg aa reported yester-


You, too, can get results one- two-three from your classified ad. Just place it in the news- paper that thousands more pros- pective customers read——the big Washington Post and Times Herald.

Placing an ad is so easy. Just phone REpublic 7-1234 and ask . for our Miss Bell,

said Dr, Eisenhower, president of Pennsylvania State Univer- sity and Benson's longtime friend, was the most

An intimate of the President.

Republican Demands to Fire Benson Reported Blocked by Dr. Eisenhower

/Sin factor in the President's decision last month to continue to support nson strongly. The source also forecast a pos- sibly decisive defection from the Republicans in next year’s ee if Benson is kept in his po

Dr. Eisenhower is an agricul- turist called in by the Truman

| Administration in 1945 to head

‘a committee on reorganization. of the entire Department of Agriculture. He was director of

the International Cooperation Administration: Theodore C. Streibert, head of the U. S. Information Agency: Joseph M. Dodge, special assistant to the President on foreign economic matters; Harold Stassen, the President's assistant on dis- armament; Nelson Rockefeller, presidential assistant on psycho- logical strategy; Sherman Ad- ams, Assistant to the President; Undersecretary of State Her- bert Hoover Jr.; Robert R. Bowie, director of the State Department's policy plan- ning staff; Gen. Nathan F. Twining, Air Force Chief of Staff, representing the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the NSC secre t.

The President entertained ‘the Cabinet members at dinner

the Department's information bureau from 1928 to 1940. The President considers his

* By William E. Zimmerman

International News Service

The Henry J. Kaiser Co, an- nounced yesterday it would build a $130 million plant which will increase India’s steel production by 45 per cent.

The announcement was made as Soviet Premier Nikolai Bul- ganin and Communist Party Secretary Nikita Khrushchev continued the Kremlin's at- tempt to swing India into the Russian economic orbit.

Moscow announced tentative plans last February to build a steel mill for India on long- term, low-interest financing to raise India’s production by one million tons.

A spokesman for the Kaiser

jcompany said ha, did not know

what effect the’ private deal

Kaiser to Build Steel Plant in India To Raise Country’s Output by 45 Pet.

ia ——ee—w

Riot Sweeps Bombay; Bulganin Attacks West

Bombay yesterday in protest

realignment of provin- cial berders. In New Dethi, Soviet Premier Nikolai Bul- ganin told legislators the stand of the West at Geneva had delayed disarmament by 10 years, Stories on Page 7.

would have on the Russian agreement. He said “this is a rivate deal and not country- y-country.”

Under terms of the agree-

ment with India's Tata lron and Steel Co. the American!

firm will handle design, pro- curement and contruction of a

huge steel plant expansion at Jamshedpur, India.

A statement issued by Kaiser said:

“The project, which is one of the largest steel plant con- struction jobs ever awarded an American firm, will increase India’s current steel capacity by approximately 45 per cent and raise the Tata plant's pro- duction from about 13 to 2 million ingot tons annually.

“The job will require the pur- chase of approximately $50 mil- lion worth of machinery and

equipment and is scheduled to

take only 30 months time.” State Department officials

said a British firm

India mak

negotiate to

THE WASHINGTON POST ond TIMES HERALD 9 Tuesday, November 22, 1955 nth


et ENE eee ne WRT Ve me ane al poe

Ss a


Supreme Court to Decide Non-Sensitive Risk Case

By Ted Lewis Jr. United Press

The Supreme Court yester- day agreed to decide whether the Federal Government may fire an employe as a security risk even though he has nothing to do with defense secrets.

The case was brought by Kenrick M. Cole, former New York Food and Drug Inspector, who was ousted as a security risk from the Department of Health, Education and Welfare in 1953.

The Court's decision, to be handed down after arguments are heard later this térm, may have a far-reaching impact on the Federal employe security program.

Order Issued by President All government workers were

blanketed inte the security pro- gram by an Executive er is- sued by President Eisenhower in 1953. The provision of the original 1950 law covered only certain specified Government agencies, such as the Depart- ments of State, Treasury, Jus- tice, Commerce and Defense and the Atomic Energy Com- mission,

The Cole case is the first to reach the Supreme Court pos- ing the issue of dismissals from “nonsensitive” Government jobs. Other cases have focused on the employe’s right to con- front witnesses who gave de- semenety information about


Cole was accused of associ- ating with Communists and belonging to the Nature Friends of America, an organi-

RIGHTS—From Page I

Security Case Drop Seen In Pre-Induction Cheeks

- past and served honorably in the service, could get an honor- able discharge. But he said a man accused of belonging to an allegedly subversive group | could not.

The Subcommittee did pin| down that while the Defense | Department has been going one | way on the policy that dis- charges should be based on


“the character of the service | Providence, R. L, was ousted |

performed,” the Army has been | using a different interpreta-| tion.

Hillsman and Jackson testi- fied the Army has been deciding whether a security suspect “limited his usefulness” to it by his pre-service activity or asso- ciations.

In other words, the actual be- havior of the soldier in the Army has not necessarily been the sole factor at all in deter-' mining all of its discharges.

Jackson said, “It is my under- standing that the Army is con- templating in the light of the! new directive a. reexamination! of that policy.”

Sprague said the Defense De-| partment has yet to decide what) it will do, in compliance with | the “new policy,” about persons now in the service who have been headed for less-than-hon- orable discharges, or those al- ready separated.

Pre-service Ignored

Assistant Air Force Secretary David S. Smith and Assistant! Navy Secretary Albert Pratt testified that in 1054 neither! one of those services gave less- than-honorable discharges for

pre-service activity or associa- tions of their men.

Smith said the Air Force in that year gave 11 “general” and three “undesirable” discharges) for cases which raised a securi- ty question for activity while in the service.

Pratt said the Navy gave 44 discharges lower than honor- able for the sa. e thing.

Jackson told the Subcommit- tee the Defense Department would regard it as a “desecra- tion of the honorable dis- charge” to give one to a man who was dropped from service before the end of his enlistment on grounds he was “g threat to the national security.”

Sprague read a letter from Defense Secretary Charles E. Wilson stating that policy will remain unchanged for:

Those who join the Commu- nist Party or become “out and out Communist sympathizers” in. the service; those who “falsify” information on secu- rity forms, or those who are the subjects of new derogatory information after inductiGn.

In two cases under the Army’s civilian security pro- gram, which were heard yes terday, Subcommittee Counsel Lon Hocker said an “inconsist- ent” policy was used. Contradictory Findings

A former Washington cou- ple, William B. Foster and his wife, Dorothy, ended up with contradictory findings on simi- lar charges.

Foster, who was an Army car- penter employed in Seattle,



Army on sensitive troop supply work at Seattle, was charged with associating with him, and a related charge. She was cleared.

The Subcommittee turned to another case, under the Navy's civilian security program, which came to public attention last August. |

Joseph H. Summers Jr. of)

as a metal worker “because of my parents,” he testified. Sum-' ner said he was told “my folks | belonged to an organization on| the Attorney General's list,” but “we could find no such or- ganization. on the Attorney General’s list.”

Since he was fired in 1953, said Sumner, “I have been only able to get one day's work” elsewhere.

Landy Case Cited «

Hocker asked Assistant Navy Secretary Pratt how that is reconciled with the celebrated security case of Eugene Landy, who was first denied and then: was granted a Navy commission |


be judged on its own.

In a statement submitted to the Subcommittee, the Motion Picture Association of America protested that censorship has| subjected movie producers to) “half slave, half free” condi-| tions. | The association said the in-| dustry has been “constitution- ally shackled” by the Supreme Courts 1952 decision in “The! Miracle” test case which! banned censorship on grounds, of sacrilege, but did not give films general immunity from all censorship. In New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Vir- ginia and Kansas, and in 50 to 200 cities elsewhere, the as-' sociation said, the constitu-| tional guarantees of the film industry are “seriously eroded” by censorship.

600 Will Attend

Service Clubs’ Lunch

The Rev. Edward L. R. Elson, pastor of National Presbyterian Church, will deliver a Thanks- giving Day message to 600 mem- bers of the newly formed Big Ten Men’s Service Clubs of Arlington at a 12:15 p. m. lunch- eon Wednesday at the Army Navy Country Club, 2400 S. 18th st.. Arlington.

Bayard D. Evans, chairman of the Big Ten, said it was form- éd to” codrdtnatée’ activities “ar two Kiwanis clubs. three Lions, two Optimists, and the Civitan, Rotary and Knights of the Round Table clubs of Arlington.

Germans Jailed as Spies

STUTTGART, Germany, Nov. 21 i@—Three Germans were sentenced to one- and two-year prison terms here today for spying on American Army for the Soviet secret


| Oct. 1, 1951. The firm contended

zation on the Attorney Gen- eral’s subversive list.

Earlier Action Dismissed

The United States Court of Appeals last J dismissed Cole’s suit to regain his job on grounds th

hower was within his authority when he issued his 1953 bian- keting-in order. The law gave the President the power to extend the security program to “any Department or agency when in his opinion the na- tional security requires it.” Cole argued that the Gov- ernment can now virtually cashier any Civil Service work- er for unstated reasons having nothing to do with national security. | A security risk under present | definitions may be a drunkard, | a loose talker, a sexual pervert or any other person who might | reveal secret information’ through carelessness or under pressure of blackmail.

Court in Split Ruling Reverses Barge Case

Associated Press

In the first 5-4 split of its new term the Supreme Court decid- ed yesterday the Federal Gov- ernment may be sued for dam- ages to a barge’s cargo result- ing from asserted negligence in the operation of a warning light. The decision reversed a pre- vious tie vote by the gh Court.

Indian Towing Co., Inc., of New Orleans, sought $60,000 damages for the wetting of a cargo of phosphate on a barge towed by the tug Navajo. The tug grounded on Chandeleur Island in Mississippi Sound

the light on the island failed because of Coast Guard negli- gence.

Justice Felix Frankfurter de- clared the majority decision for himself, Chief Justice Earl Warren and Justices Hugo L. Black, William O. Douglas and John Marshall Harlan. Justice Stanley F. Reed wrote a dis senting opinion in which Jus- tices Harold H. Burton, Tom C. Clark and Sherman Minton joined.

Dismissed in Lower Court

dismissed the suit leading to the appeal to the h Court. In its first decision on the appeal, the Supreme Court last April 11 upheld the dismissal by a 44 tie vote. Justice Harlan om not vote then because the app

Towing then asked for recon-| sideration and the appeal was argued again last Oct. 12. Har-) lan cast yesterday's deciding vote. Finding of Majority |

The majority, in holding the Government liable for negli-| gence by the Coast Guard, said that once the Coast Guard ex-/ ercised its discretion to operate a light on the island “and en-| gendered reliance on the guid-' ance afforded by the light, it! was obligated to use due care to make certain that the light was kept in good working! order.” |

Frankfurter said the case would have to go vdack to the’ trial court to determine if there | was negligence. |

Reed’s dissenting opinion con-| tended the question of liability | had been dec in previous Supreme Court rulings.

Court Won't Rule In Timber Dispute International News Service

The Supreme Court refused yesterday to intervene in a dispute -over - tration of 472,000 acres of West- ern Oregon timber land.

Located in Clackamas Coun- ty, Ore., the land had been ad- ministered by the Agriculture Department until last year when jurisdiction was trans ferred to the Interior Depart- ment.

County officials charged that Congress had no right to pass the law making the transfer be- cause the Government was hold- ing the land in trust or receiv- ership for the State.


$195 to $4495

910 7th St. N.W.

g *


Just a Miracle Ago Luggage This Wonderful Was Impossible Smarter, Lighter, Stronger And Roomier)


New Tri-Taper



at President Eisen- acti

eral Motors yesterday of trying to kill competition in the auto parts and Fre business. A

Sn ae he on .

1950 Urged as Base


for Alien Quota

that an administrative agency be allowed to divide up the en- try permits.

Reuther said he doubted if anyone would suggest that in- creasing immigration quotas to adversely affect the wage scales

ee ee ee

senseless and serious discrim- ination against nationalities of Southern and Southeastern Eu- rope.”

The Rev. William J. Gibbons, testifying for the National Cath- ollie “Welfare Cotiféerence, sald ~ increasing the annual immigra- tion quota to about 250,000 by the use of 1950 as the base year would not be unreasonable.

The Rev. Dr. Cc. Blake, president of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.. urged the

uota system be made more exible so that persons of néed- ed skills and victims of perse-

Great Britain nor Ire-

at i


4 if ;

hae f immigran He did 0 ts.” He no recommend any particular



Zz 5


Like Reuther, Sen. Clifford P. Case (R-N.J.) urged that 1950 be used as a base year for deter- mining national quotas. cution could resettle here re

Case said this “would go a'gardiess of their national ort long way toward removing the! gin. f


hearings on the act since it was written into law over former President Truman’s veto.

President Eisenhower has ‘criticized some provisions of the Act as unjust and discrimi- natory, but Kilgore complained the Administration has not sub- mitted any specific recommen- dations for revising it.

“righ to compete” of independ- ent jobbers.

Albert Holzwasser, nt, of Aero Armature-Co., Boston, accused GM of using “high pressure and discriminatory price tactics” to wipe out com- petition and gain a monopoly in the auto repair industry.

Chairman Joseph C. O’Ma honey (D-Wyo.) of a Senate Ju-|. Kilgore said he had hoped to diciary Subcommittee on Anti-)have Secretary of State Dulles trust and Monopoly, promptly|amd Attorney General Brown- declared that it is time for|¢ll as opening witnesses but Congréss to act if General Mo-|that they had failed to co

reasons for

setup in a case study of big Motors is “deliberately, syste-

cipal share of the wholesale dealers to do business with it. longer are able to stay in busi-

major auto manufacturers will be free to “exploit” the public

less durable auto parts,

from the same source as inde- pendent wholesalers, but puts them in GM boxes. He said the Federal Trade Commission gave him a “brushoff” when he ob- jected to “genuine parts” ad- vertising.

a GM _ subsidiary. He § also charged that small business was being pushed out of Army and Air Force contracts


He said his firm was working ‘on Army and Air Force orders

Indian Towing Co. soughtjuntil cancellations started ar- damages under the Federal/riving about a year ago. He said Tort Claims Act, which permits he still is trying to “find” out | suits for injury or loss of prop-|“why our merchandise is being after his mother said she wasjerty caused by negligent or|discriminated against in favor once a Communist. Pratt’s|wrongful acts by Government) of merchandise produced by so-

reply was that each case must |employes. Lower Federal courts | called “big pusiness.’”

for the Parts Association, joined Hols. wasser in criticizing GM busi- | eal was argued before he) ness practices.

went on the High bench. Indian | ———

tors is starting to monopolize the $2.5-billion-a-year auto parts industry.

The Subcommittee is digging into GM's intricate corporate

business. Morris charged that General

matically and purposedly seek- ing to capture for itself a prin-

parts market” by forcing its Once independent dealers no ness, he said, GM and other

by making more expensive and

Morris said GM buys many of its socalled “genuine” parts

Holzwasser aimed his crit- icism at United Motors Service.

by big

Harold T. Halfpenny, counsel National Standard

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A particular target of yes terday’s witnesses was the Mc- Carran-Walter Act’s retention of the national origins quota system, first adopted by Con- gress in the early 1920s.

Under it, the total number of quota immigrants admissible to the United States each year is 154,657—or 1/6 of 1 per cent

Additionally, this over-all quota in divided among other nations on the basis of their contribution to the United States population at the time of the 1920 census.

Victor Reuther, assistant to the president of the CIO, said the effect of the system is to give most of the quotas to Great Britain, Ireland and other Northern European na- tions, to the disadvantage - of Greece, Italy and other South- ern and Eastern European na- tions.

Walter J. Mason, a member of the national legislative com-

mittee of the AFL, said that


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